There are many types of carpeting out there, and it can be hard to remember the specific names and qualities of each. But that’s alright because when it comes down to it, there are really just two carpet types you need to know: loop pile and cut pile.

Your carpet’s pile type will have a significant impact on its appearance, comfort, durability, and ease of maintenance. So if you are shopping for new carpet for your home, the experts at Floor Coverings International can help you determine which type best suits your needs.

What is Carpet Pile?

The pile is the surface layer of a carpet, so it is the part that you see and feel on a daily basis. The carpet weaving process involves looping the fibers back and forth through the backing, so the pile is determined by whether these fibers have been clipped or left in their looped form.

Loop Pile

Loop pile carpet in Oakland

  • In the case of a loop pile carpet, the fibers have been left in their looped form. This creates a firm, low, tightly woven carpet such as Berber.
  • The advantage of a loop pile carpet is that it is very durable and can stand up to heavy foot traffic. This makes it a good choice for hallways and stairs. It is also trackless, meaning it won’t show vacuum marks or footprints.
  • The disadvantage of loop pile is that the fibers can be snagged and pulled loose by sharp objects or pets’ claws. While this doesn’t affect the lifespan of the carpet, it can make it look disheveled over time.

Cut Pile

Cut pile carpet in Oakland

  • Cut pile carpet is created when the looped fibers are clipped in half, resulting in only end of the fiber being attached to the backing. Thus, cut pile carpets typically have longer, looser fibers with more movement.
  • Cut pile carpets vary based on the length and thickness of the fiber. For example, frieze carpeting has long, twisted fibers, while saxony has short fibers cut to an even length.
  • Cut pile carpeting tends to be more comfortable for lounging or standing on. However, it can be more difficult to clean and maintain, since the loose fibers allow dirt, dust, and liquids to spread into the carpet.

Call your local Floor Coverings International to learn more about both loop and cut pile carpeting. Our experts will help you discover the right carpet style for your home.

Photo Credit: Bill Kennedy, Dean Drobot

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